How to process robot video

Before we start

The robot utilizes USB camera to explore the environment.

To get started with video processing you will need the following:

  • single board computer Odroid with WiFi and SSH set and running

  • USB WiFi dongle

  • Odroid power cable

  • USB web camera

  • SSH terminal client software installed on PC or laptop. We’ll be using MobaXTerm for

demonstration purposes, but any other SSH terminal client can be used.

Insert WiFi dongle and web camera into Odroid’s USB ports and you’re ready to go.

Step 1. Power up Odroid

Ensure that WiFi dongle and web camera are inserted into the Odroid’s USB ports and WiFi connection is set for the microcomputer. Power up Odroid and connect to it with MobaXTerm.

Step 2. Copy Valera code to Odroid

Valera code is a free and open source software repository with example code to control the robot. Create a separete folder to store the code: mkdir Code && cd Code

Copy the repository code to the new folder: git clone Change the current working directory to the folder with code: cd valera-code

Step 3. Run Valera code

Valera code includes files to run docker, to start a JupyterLab server on Odroid and workbooks with example code for the robot.

To start Valera code type sudo docker compose up

When the server is running go to your laptop, open a browser and navigate to http://[odroid_ip_address], in my case it will be

The password for Jupyter is Valera


Step 4. Explore and run example code

When in Jupyter open up ‘work’ folder to see the example workbook.


Double click video.ipynb file to open example code.


Run example code to see how the camera works:

The simpliest code to read images from the camera is as follows:

# Activate camera object
cap = cv2.VideoCapture(0)

# Take a picture
_, frame =

# Convert the picture to bytes
_, frame = cv2.imencode('.png', frame)
frame = frame.tobytes()

# Release the camera object


All the example code for Valera (dockerfiles, docker compose, shell scripts, python code) is provided free and open source. Please feel free to change it to adopt to your needs.